Ice In Child’s Sock Drawer – Part 3

.jpg photo of Child Abuse map graphic
Abilene ranks highest in Child Abuse/neglect rate

Abilene ranks highest in Child Abuse –
neglect rate

~ continued ~

Awareness leads to more reporting

Another potential reason for Region 2 having the highest rate of child abuse in the state is that people in the area are more attuned to the issue and report it more often, Greeley said.

“They may just be more aware,” he said.  “So they tend to call it in more often, rightly or wrongly, whether it’s real or not.”

Greeley called this a “surveillance bias.”  The “immediate response” to a public awareness campaign on recognizing child abuse and neglect would cause an increase in reporting the issue, he said.

“Much like when you’re trying to buy a new car, you then see it everywhere on the street, and that’s just a reality,” he said.  “Maybe we’re just seeing it more often.  Bias doesn’t mean there’s something wrong.  It’s just a systematic skewing.”

Another consideration is that regions with large cities tend to have lower reporting rates, while regions that are more rural typically have higher reporting rates, said Sherrel Mathews, former Region 2 director for CPS.

“In the smaller areas, you have the opportunity to have better relationships with the partners in the community, and I think people are just more aware and see things and report,” said Mathews, who oversaw the region for 3½ years.  “When you get to the Abilene region and our alleged rate being almost twice the state rate and our confirmed rate being more than twice the state rate, that I truly attribute to our working relationships in these communities.”

The alleged rate is the reporting rate, or the reports of potential abuse and neglect made to the statewide intake hotline.  The alleged rate represents claims that have not been substantiated.

“It’s easier in Houston or Dallas for a family to get lost,” Mathews said.

Before Mathews became regional director, a high profile case, the 2012 death of 22-month-old Tamryn Klapheke, brought a lot of attention to Child Protective Services.  It prompted changes to the way local entities work together to address child abuse and neglect, she said.  Three local CPS supervisors were fired in the aftermath of the case, and two of the three were indicted on charges of tampering with evidence.

“From that point, that began a real big emphasis for us on really building those partnerships even stronger than they had been in the past,” Mathews said.  “When you have those kind of strong working relationships with law enforcement, the school, your domestic violence community — the professional partners out there — you’re going to get more reports.  But I also think it’s the common citizen in these communities, too, that is more aware.”

Police Chief Standridge agreed.  He said he does not believe the region has more child abuse than any other, just more reporting.

“All law enforcement in the southern part of this region has direct access to CPS supervisors via cellphones,” Standridge said.  “This may not be the case all across the state, but Abilene has worked diligently in recent years to cement strong relationships between the agencies.”

Law enforcement informs Child Protective Services when children are present during domestic violence investigations or in vehicles in which adult drivers are arrested on suspicion of driving while intoxicated or drug possession, he said.  Two CPS investigators work out of the police department to streamline the investigative process.

“Proactive notifications drive numbers up, but all of Region 2 law enforcement will tell you that our children deserve such protections,” Standridge said.  “Collaboration is a must, and it is done well in Abilene.  When a child makes an outcry, investigators from the police department, CPS and (the Child Advocacy Center) will stand shoulder to shoulder and investigate the circumstances.”

Sgt. Craig Griffis, criminal investigations supervisor for the Taylor County Sheriff’s Office, echoed Standridge, saying the stakeholders in this region work well together because they communicate often. Two CPS caseworkers are assigned to the sheriff’s office, and they conduct investigations alongside law enforcement.

The death of Tamryn Klapheke, which Griffis called an “eye-opening experience,” forced CPS workers and law enforcement to build better relationships, he said, adding that the relationship between the two entities has never been better.

He recalled a meeting in late July when the new Department of Family and Protective Services commissioner, Henry “Hank” Whitman, visited the Child Advocacy Center to speak with the staff and area law enforcement officers.  Griffis said the commissioner applauded how well law enforcement cooperates with CPS and said that should be the standard across the state.

Whitman thanked the representatives at the meeting for their “cooperative working relationship with CPS” and their “obvious commitment to child safety,” said Patrick Crimmins, DFPS state spokesman, in an email.

“He’s had nothing but good things to say about the local commitment to child protection,” he said.

Ice In Child’s Sock Drawer – Part 2

.jpg photo of Child Abuse map graphic
Abilene ranks highest in Child Abuse/neglect rate

Abilene ranks highest in Child Abuse –
neglect rate

~ continued ~

Small population distorts rate

The Department of Family and Protective Services, the state agency tasked with protecting the health and safety of children and adults, divides the state into 11 geographic regions.  Child Protective Services is one of five programs under the DFPS umbrella.

The headquarters of Region 2 is in Abilene, with the region extending north to Wichita County, south to Brown County, west to Scurry County and east to Eastland County.  It has the smallest child population, through age 17, of all 11 regions — 131,651 in 2015.

The most populous region is Region 3, which includes Dallas-Fort Worth, with a child population of almost 2 million.  Its 2015 rate of child abuse and neglect was 9.4 cases per 1,000 children, or 18,571 confirmed victims.

The only years in the past eight that Region 2 has not had the highest rate were 2009 and 2010, according to DFPS statistics.  The region surpassed the other 10 regions in the state from 2007 to 2009 and again from 2011 to 2015.

From 2007 to 2015, the Abilene region had the highest reporting rate of any of the regions, according to DFPS statistics, even if it did not have the highest rate of child abuse and neglect.  The reporting rate represents the number of claims made that have not yet been investigated.

Chris Greeley, chief of Public Health Pediatrics at Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston and pediatrics professor at Baylor College of Medicine, said there could be various reasons for Region 2’s high rate.

Because of its small child population, any increase in the number of child abuse or neglect cases in Region 2 would result in a bigger climb in the rate than in Region 3, for example, because it is about 10 times the size of Region 2, Greeley said.

“Any changes are much more apparent statistically,” said Greeley, who holds a master’s degree in clinical research.  “Part of it looks really disproportionate because the denominator is so small compared to all the other regions.”

The region next closest in size to Abilene’s is Region 9, whose headquarters is in Midland.  Region 9 includes 30 counties with a child population of 159,694 in 2015, yet its rate of child abuse and neglect for that year did not come close to Region 2’s — 11.2 confirmed cases per 1,000 children.  That is 1,789 children, almost 1,000 fewer victims than in the Abilene-Wichita Falls region.

Ice In Child’s Sock Drawer – Part 1

.jpg photo of Child Abuse map graphic
Abilene ranks highest in Child Abuse/neglect rate

Abilene ranks highest in Child Abuse
– neglect rate

Abilene, TX  –  A 5-year-old boy brought to the Abilene/Taylor County Child Advocacy Center said he was angry at the police.

Angry at the police for taking away his parents.

When asked why the police did that, the boy responded that the police found ice — methamphetamine — in his home.

The forensic interviewer asked the boy where they found the ice.

In his sock drawer, he said.

It’s a case Taylor County Judge Downing Bolls cannot forget.

As a board member of the Child Advocacy Center, where children who are victims of crime are interviewed, Bolls hears the occasional Child Protective Services case, but this one made him wonder: “How does a 5-year-old child in this community know about ice?”

How could a parent produce drugs and leave them in a child’s drawer?

“There are things that make you go ‘I wish I didn’t know that,'” Bolls said.

But there are many more cases like that 5-year-old boy’s in Taylor County and the surrounding Big Country.

In this area, there have been “too many cries,” Police Chief Stan Standridge said.

For the past five years the Abilene region has reported the highest rate of child abuse and neglect in Texas, doubling the state average most of those years.

Officials who respond to allegations of child abuse and neglect in Taylor County — one of 30 counties in the region — say the rate is a result of a high degree of people reporting possible abuse and close collaboration among agencies and community partners.

But the numbers are still stark in comparison.

In fiscal year 2015, the Abilene-Wichita Falls region had 21 confirmed cases of child abuse and neglect per 1,000 children, according to the most recent Department of Family and Protective Services statistics.  That amounts to 2,763 confirmed victims.

The next-highest rate came from the Tyler region, which had 14.7 confirmed cases per 1,000 children, nearly 50 percent lower than Abilene’s rate.

The state average rate for 2015 was 9.1 confirmed cases per 1,000 children.  That means 66,721 children were confirmed victims of abuse or neglect across Texas.

An expert on child abuse said the high rate could be caused by a number of factors — ranging from a statistical anomaly to heightened public awareness of the issue, from a heavier-handed approach to child abuse in the area to just more abuse.

Others claim the rate is a direct effect of the immense use of methamphetamine and other drugs among adults.

In all likelihood, there is no one reason or solution.